Health Check-up for Bone and Joint Disease:-
Good Doctor is a good clinician and by clinical examination Dr have fairly good idea about the state of health of patient’s joints and bone and the likely provisional diagnosis.
Firstly Dr. Soni will perform physical examination of the affected part and the joint above and below and also of spine and opposite uninvolved limb. He may also enquire about any genitourinary symptoms if appropriate.
He or she will than order appropriate diagnostic tests for example:
- Radiographs ( X rays)
- Blood tests:
- Routine like CBC ESR, C-RP
- Specific specialised test. Like Immunological studies, Rheumatiod factor, ACPA, ACCP, Anti MCV assay, Renal functions, Liver enzymes , Bone Profile, ANA, and Serum ferritin for haemachromatosis etc.
- DEXA scan ( bone densitometry )
- Isotope bone scan
- CT Scan or Contrast enhanced CT
- MRI or MR Arthrogram
- Joint aspiration and analysis
- EMG / Nerve conduction studies etc.
Test are tailored to each individual patient.
40% of all disorders and diseases relates to musculoskeletal system. Body posture is therefore important in any occupation. Person has to adopt a posture that is most comfortable and least stressful for musculoskeletal system and for body as a whole; be it at work, sports, or leisure activities. One has to adopt correct working position.
Chairs and work table height and design should be adjusted to suit the user. Sedentary workers should have break at regular intervals and stretch your body and neck in order to relieve neck and back muscles.
Maintain correct sitting posture while working with computer in order to avoid neck and back pain.
Children should not study in bed, get a table and chair.
It is an applied science of Ergonomics relating to human body . It is about ease and comfort of human beings while designing equipment’s and work place environment.
People using vibrating power tools should wear appropriate gloves and handles of tool should have built-in shock absorbers in order to minimize the risk of developing repetitive strain injuries and other occupational diseases.
People lifting weights repetitively at work should use appropriate tools and adopt suitable posture and take necessary precautions in order to maximize production and minimize discomfort stress and fatigue.